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Title: Cross tolerance in beet armyworm : long-term selection by cadmium broadens tolerance to other stressors
Authors: Augustyniak, Maria
Tarnawska, Monika
Babczyńska, Agnieszka
Kafel, Alina
Zawisza-Raszka, Agnieszka
Adamek, Bogumiła
Płachetka-Bożek, Anna
Keywords: Spodoptera exigua; Cadmium; HSP70; ATP content and ADP/ATP ratio; DNA damage
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Ecotoxicology, Vol. 26, no 10 (2017), s. 1408-1418
Abstract: Long lasting exposure of animals to stressing factor may lead to the selection of population able to cope with the stressor at lower cost than unexposed individuals. The aim of this study was to assess whether 130- generational selection of a beet armyworm to cadmium in food might have induced tolerance also to other stressors. The potential tolerance was assessed by means of unspecific stress markers: HSP70 concentration, DNA damage level, and energy budget indices in L5 larval instars of beet armyworm. The animals originated from Cd-exposed and control strains exposed additionally in a short-term experiment to high/low temperature or pesticide—spinosad. The application of the additional stressors caused, in general, an increase in the levels of studied parameters, in a straindependent manner. The most significant increase was found in HSP70 level in the individuals from the Cd-strain exposed to various spinosad concentration. Therefore, multigenerational contact with cadmium caused several changes that enable the insect to survive under a chronić stress, preparing the organism to the contact with an additional, new stressor. This relationship may be described as a sort of cross tolerance. This may, possibly, increase the probability of population survivorship and, at the same time, decrease the efficiency of pesticide-based plant protection efforts.
DOI: 10.1007/s10646-017-1865-5
ISSN: 0963-9292
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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