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Title: Tree-ring widths and snow cover depth in High Tauern
Authors: Falarz, Małgorzata
Keywords: calibration; earth sciences; forestry; industrial hygiene; reinforcement; soft computing
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Vol. 95 (2017), art. no. 062005
Abstract: The aim of the study is to examine the correlation of Norway spruce tree-ring widths and the snow cover depth in the High Tauern mountains. The average standardized tree-ring widths indices for Nowary spruce posted by Bednarz and Niedzwiedz (2006) were taken into account. Increment cores were collected from 39 Norway spruces growing in the High Tauern near the upper limit of the forest at altitude of 1700-1800 m, 3 km from the meteorological station at Sonnblick. Moreover, the maximum of snow cover depth in Sonnblick (3105 m a.s.l.) for each winter season in the period from 1938/39 to 1994/95 (57 winter seasons) was taken into account. The main results of the research are as follows: (1) tree-ring widths in a given year does not reveal statistically significant dependency on the maximum snow cover depth observed in the winter season, which ended this year; (2) however, the tested relationship is statistically significant in the case of correlating of the tree-ring widths in a given year with a maximum snow cover depth in a season of previous year. The correlation coefficient for the entire period of the study is not very high (r=0.27) but shows a statistical significance at the 0.05 level; (3) the described relationship is not stable over time. 30-year moving correlations showed no significant dependencies till 1942 and after 1982 (probably due to the so-called divergence phenomenon). However, during the period of 1943-1981 the values of correlation coefficient for moving 30-year periods are statistically significant and range from 0.37 to 0.45; (4) the correlation coefficient between real and calibrated (on the base of the regression equation) values of maximum snow cover depth is statistically significant for calibration period and not significant for verification one; (5) due to a quite short period of statistically significant correlations and not very strict dependencies, the reconstruction of snow cover on Sonnblick for the period before regular measurements seems to be not reasonable.
DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/95/6/062005
ISSN: 1755-1307
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