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Title: Topological traits of a cellular pattern versus growth rate anisotropy in radish roots
Authors: Piekarska-Stachowiak, Anna
Szymanowska-Pułka, Joanna
Potocka, Izabela
Lipowczan, Marcin
Keywords: Cellular pattern; Growth rate anisotropy; Topology
Issue Date: 5-Mar-2019
Citation: Protoplasma, 5 March 2019
Abstract: The topology of a cellular pattern, which means the spatial arrangement of cells, directly corresponds with cell packing, which is crucial for tissue and organ functioning. The topological features of cells that are typically analyzed are the number of their neighbors and the cell area. To date, the objects of most topological studies have been the growing cells of the surface tissues of plant and animal organs. Some of these researches also provide verification of Lewis’s Law concerning the linear correlation between the number of neighboring cells and the cell area. Our aim was to analyze the cellular topology and applicability of Lewis’s Lawto an anisotropically growing plant organ. The object of our study was the root apex of radish. Based on the tensor description of plant organ growth, we specified the level of anisotropy in specific zones (the root proper, the columella of the cap and the lateral parts of the cap) and in specific types of both external (epidermis) and internal tissues (stele and ground tissue) of the apex. The strongest anisotropy occurred in the root proper, while both zones of the cap showed an intermediate level of anisotropy of growth. Some differences in the topology of the cellular pattern in the zones were also detected; in the root proper, six-sided cells predominated, while in the root cap columella and in the lateral parts of the cap, most cells had five neighbors. The correlation coefficient rL between the number of neighboring cells and the cell area was high in the apex as a whole as well as in all of the zones except the root proper and in all of the tissue types except the ground tissue. In general, Lewis’s Law was fulfilled in the anisotropically growing radish root apex. However, the level of the applicability (rL value) of Lewis’s Lawwas negatively correlated with the level of the anisotropy of growth, which may suggest that in plant organs in the regions of anisotropic growth, the number of neighboring cells is less dependent on the cell size.
DOI: 10.1007/s00709-019-01362-6
ISSN: 0033-183X
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