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Title: Experimental tumbling of Dreissena polymorpha : implications for recognizing durophagous predation in the fossil record
Authors: Salamon, Mariusz A.
Leśko, Katarzyna
Gorzelak, Przemysław
Keywords: tumbling; fragmentation; experiments; predation; Dreissena polymorpha
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: Facies, Vol. 64, iss. 2 (2018), art. no. 10
Abstract: Shell damage left by predators constitutes an important source of information on predator–prey interactions. However, recognition of the origins of shell damage can often be controversial, and needs to be assessed cautiously. More specifically, differentiation between predation- and abiotic-induced shell damage remains challenging. Here, we show the results of tumbling experiments using a bivalve species Dreissena polymorpha in order to determine rates and patterns of shell damage induced by physical forces in high-energy conditions. It is demonstrated that, in contrast to durophagous fish and crab predation, abiotic-induced fragmentation and damage are typically characterized by the presence of distinct abrasive scratches and wear scars on the surface of shell fragments. Furthermore, fragmented shells typically reveal a wide size distribution, and a different degree of sphericity and roundness resulting from abrasion. Importantly, large shell fragments commonly display smooth edges. These data suggest that durophagous predation, which typically induces fragmentation into large and angular shell fragments bearing no wear scars, can be reliably recognized both in present-day environments and in the fossil record.
DOI: 10.1007/s10347-018-0522-7
ISSN: 0172-9179
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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