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Title: Peatland microbial communities as indicators of the extreme atmospheric dust deposition
Authors: Fiałkiewicz-Kozieł, B.
Smieja-Król, Beata
Ostrovnaya, T. M.
Frontasyeva, M.
Siemińska, A.
Lamentowicz, M.
Keywords: Testate amoebae; Pollution; Fly ash particles; Proxy
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, Vol. 226, no. 4 (2015), art no. 97
Abstract: We investigated a peat profile from the Izery Mountains, located within the so-called Black Triangle, the border area of Poland, Czech Republic, and Germany. This peatland suffered from an extreme atmospheric pollution during the last 50 years, which created an exceptional natural experiment to examine the impact of pollution on peatland microbes. Testate amoebae (TA), Centropyxis aerophila and Phryganella acropodia, were distinguished as a proxy of atmospheric pollution caused by extensive brown coal combustion. We recorded a decline of mixotrophic TA and development of agglutinated taxa as a response for the extreme concentration of Al (30 g kg−1) and Cu (96 mg kg−1) as well as the extreme amount of fly ash particles determined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis, which were used by TA for shell construction. Titanium (5.9 %), aluminum (4.7 %), and chromium (4.2 %) significantly explained the highest percentage of the variance in TA data. Elements such as Al, Ti, Cr, Ni, and Cu were highly correlated (r>0.7, p<0.01) with pseudostome position/body size ratio and pseudostome position. Changes in the community structure, functional diversity, and mechanisms of shell construction were recognized as the indicators of dust pollution. We strengthen the importance of the TA as the bioindicators of the recent atmospheric pollution.
DOI: 10.1007/s11270-015-2338-1
ISSN: 00496979
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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