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dc.contributor.authorLewin, Iga-
dc.contributor.authorCzerniawska-Kusza, Izabela-
dc.contributor.authorSzoszkiewicz, Krzysztof-
dc.contributor.authorŁawniczak, Agnieszka E.-
dc.contributor.authorJusik, Szymon-
dc.identifier.citationHydrobiologia, 2013, no. 1, s. 183-200pl_PL
dc.description.abstractThe study was carried out from 2007 to 2010 in two ecoregions: the Carpathians and the Central Highlands. The objectives of our survey were to test the existing biological index metric based on benthic macroinvertebrates at reference conditions in the high- and mid-altitude mountain streams of two ecoregions according to the requirements of the EU WFD and to determine which environmental factors influence the distribution of benthic macroinvertebrates. Our results revealed statistically significant differences in the values of the physical and chemical parameters of water as well as the mean values of metrics between the types of streams at the sampling sites. RDA analysis showed that the temperature of the water, pH, conductivity, the stream gradient, values of the HQA index, and altitude were the parameters most associated with the distribution of benthic macroinvertebrate taxa and the values of the metrics. The values of biological indices should be considered according to the stream typology including altitude and geology. At the reference conditions, the suggested border values of biological indices are very harsh. The values of the biological indices of most sampling sites did not correspond to the requirements of the high status in rivers. The streams at altitudes above 1,200 m a.s.l. should be treated as another river type and new reference values should be established.pl_PL
dc.rightsUznanie autorstwa 3.0 Polska*
dc.subjectBenthic macroinvertebratespl_PL
dc.subjectReference conditionspl_PL
dc.subjectBiological indicespl_PL
dc.subjectWater Framework Directivepl_PL
dc.subjectMountain streampl_PL
dc.titleBiological indices applied to benthic macroinvertebrates at reference conditions of mountain streams in two ecoregions (Poland, the Slovak Republic)pl_PL
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