anointing; chrism; Christian initiation; confirmation; laying on of hands; mark; pastoral programs; steward; strengthening; bierzmowanie; szafarz; umocnienie; nakładanie rąk; namaszczenie; krzyżmo; znamię; wtajemniczenie chrześcijańskie; programy duszpasterskie
Liturgia Sacra, Vol. 24, nr 1 (2018), s. 145–172
The inspiration to write an article on the above topic was the publication by the Pastoral Commission
Conference of the Polish Episcopate of the first part of a two-year pastoral program of
the Church in Poland for the years 2017–2019. This two-year program is called „The Spirit Who
Strengthens Love”, while the first part which inspired us is entitled „We are filled with the Holy
The content of the article consists of seven points. The first is devoted to the essence of Confirmation,
the way it is administered in the oldest tradition of the Church and the evolutionary changes
introduced to it. The second one touches upon the question of the minister of Confirmation, which
in the Western Church (as opposed to the Eastern) has always been the Bishop. The third point deals
with new elements introduced successively to the ordinances of confirmation – especially concern ing the act of anointing with chrism, introduced to the rite under the influence of the eastern chrismatio,
and also assigning to the sacrament the name confirmatio. The fourth point acquaints us with
the practice of administering the sacrament of confirmation – from administering it during one,
indivisible rite of Christian initiation (immediately after baptism and before the Eucharist), to today’s
conditions in which the young person to be Confirmed was previously baptized in childhood.
The fifth point asks and tries to answer the question as to whether there is a so-called sacrament of
Christian maturity, which is what Confirmation is considered today and how it is taught. The sixth
point acquaints us with the effects and tasks that flow from the fact of administering/receiving confirmation.
Whereas the seventh formulates some remarks and pastoral requirements.