The author, starting from the analysis and interpretation of Milosz's early poem "Dialog" (from "Trzy zimy", 1937), points at ambiguous approach of the poet who, on the one hand, demands that poetry should go beyond the horizon of topicality but on the other, he accuses poetry of aesthetization and a betrayal of human community. Because of the fact that the proper stake of poetry is reality existing beyond the language, Milosz opposes to avant-garde totally involvef in the temporariness of language. The poet reactivates the hieratic formula of poetic language instead, in order to establish, by means of this language, the "exterior" reality that is beyond language. In essays of the poet, there is to be found specific programme of the poetry renovation and of clearing the poetry of mumbling and unclear contemporary speech. This classicist project contain explicit aristocratic motive connected with the ban on literature "stammerling", which is one of the clearest "high modernist" concept in Polish literature of 20th century.