Transylvania; Wallachia; Dracula; Vlad the Impaler
Katowice : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
Z. Hojka, K. Nowak (red.), "Turystyka historyczna. T. 1" (S. 167-174). Katowice : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
This paper presents tourist attractions of Romania which refer to the history of such a legendary person as Vlad the Impaler (called "Dracula"). His life and places which are linked to his life are presented and analyzed in this text. Vlad was born and grew up in Sighisoara in Transylvania (Siebenburgen) as a son of Vlad Dracul hospodar of Wallachia. The house where Dracula lived, is today converted into a restaurant "Casa Vlad Dracul." Vlad Dracul's main task was to defend Transylvania from the attacks of Turkish armies, which were very dangerous and destructive for this region. That is why in Transylvania featured so called Fortress churches, raised to protect citizens before any military threat. Today we can visit these wonderful churches, as well as the great fortified refuge castles and the town. One of the best known castles is Bran. According to the legend, it was the castle of Vlad Dracul. In fact, he had never been to Bran and this history was created by Bram Stoker - the author of the book of Vampire Dracula. Dracula's real castle was Poienari. Vlad Dracul was known as a very brutal person, whose favourite art of punishment and method of execution was impalement. This legendary person died 1476 and was buried in a small monastery at Snagov island.