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Title: Novel organic material induced by electron beam irradiation for medical application
Authors: Barylski, Adrian
Aniołek, Krzysztof
Swinarew, Andrzej S.
Kaptacz, Sławomir
Gabor, Jadwiga
Waśkiewicz, Zbigniew
Stanula, Arkadiusz
Keywords: PTFE; Electron beam irradiation
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: "Polymers" 2020, iss. 2, art. no. 306
Abstract: This study analyzed the e ects of irradiation of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) containing 40% of bronze using an electron beam with energy of 10 MeV. Dosages from 26 to156 kGy (2.6–15.6 Mrad) were used. The impact of a high-energy electron beam on the thermal, spectrophotometric, mechanical, and tribological properties was determined, and the results were compared with those obtained for pure PTFE. Thermal properties studies showed that such irradiation caused changes in melting temperature Tm and crystallization temperature Tc, an increase in crystallization heat DHc, and a large increase in crystallinity c proportional to the absorbed dose for both polymers. The addition of bronze decreased the degree of crystallinity of PTFE by twofold. Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) studies confirmed that the main phenomenon associated with electron beam irradiation was the photodegradation of the polymer chains for both PTFE containing bronze and pure PTFE. This had a direct e ect on the increase in the degree of crystallinity observed in DSC studies. The use of a bronze additive could lead to energy dissipation over the additive particles. An increase in hardness H and Young’s modulus E was also observed. The addition of bronze and the irradiation with an electron beam improved of the operational properties of PTFE.
DOI: 10.3390/polym12020306
ISSN: Polymers
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