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Title: Enhancement of the Physical Stability of Amorphous Sildenafil in a Binary Mixture, with either a Plasticizing or Antiplasticizing Compound
Authors: Knapik-Kowalczuk, Justyna
Chmiel, Krzysztof
Pacułt, Justyna
Bialek, Klaudia
Tajber, Lidia
Paluch, Marian
Keywords: ASD; dielectric spectroscopy; physical stability; sildenafil; plasticizing effect
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: Pharmaceutics, Vol. 12, iss 5 (2020), art. no 460
Abstract: The main purpose of this paper was to evaluate the impact of both high‐ and low‐Tg polymer additives on the physical stability of an amorphous drug, sildenafil (SIL). The molecular mobility of neat amorphous SIL was strongly affected by the polymeric excipients used (Kollidon VA64 (KVA) and poly(vinylacetate) (PVAc)). The addition of KVA slowed down the molecular dynamics of amorphous SIL (antiplasticizing effect), however, the addition of PVAc accelerated the molecular motions of the neat drug (plasticizing effect). Therefore, in order to properly assess the effect of the polymer on the physical stability of SIL, the amorphous samples at both: isothermal (at constant temperature—353 K) and isochronal (at constant relaxation time—τα = 1.5 ms) conditions were compared. Our studies showed that KVA suppressed the recrystallization of amorphous SIL more efficiently than PVAc. KVA improved the physical stability of the amorphous drug, regardless of the chosen concentration. On the other hand, in the case of PVAc, a low polymer content (i.e., 25 wt.%) destabilized amorphous SIL, when stored at 353 K. Nevertheless, at high concentrations of this excipient (i.e., 75 wt.%), its effect on the amorphous pharmaceutical seemed to be the opposite. Therefore, above a certain concentration, the PVAc presence no longer accelerates the SIL recrystallization process, but inhibits it.
DOI: doi:10.3390/pharmaceutics12050460
ISSN: 1999-4923
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