Although the Peace of Riga brought an end to the military conflict between Poland and
the Bolshevik Russia, the conflict continued on a different plane. Espionage, subversion, and
propaganda perpetuated by the communist activists became the new area of conflict between the
two countries. Military and political secret services of the USSR were able to exploit the Polish
communist movement in order to achieve their own goals. In the light of those practices, both the
Polish secret services and the military judiciary were under an obligation to respond. The latter
could not tolerate communism within the ranks; thus, the charges of espionage, high treason, or
insubordination had become an inherent part of the military judiciary practice of that time.
The fight with the communist movement within the military was aided by public safety authorities
and military counter-intelligence, which manifested in the trials in the form of opinions
of legal experts or interviews included in the files. The communist movement, on the other hand,
made every effort to ensure that the military criminal proceedings did not achieve the desired
effect, establishing special guidelines in the case of an investigation.