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Title: Impact of an engineered copper-titanium dioxide nanocomposite and parent substrates on the bacteria viability, antioxidant enzymes and fatty acid profiling
Authors: Metryka, Oliwia
Wasilkowski, Daniel
Nowak, Anna
Adamczyk-Habrajska, Małgorzata
Mrozik, Agnieszka
Keywords: antimicrobial activity; antioxidant enzymes; bacteria; Cu/TiO2 nanocomposite; Cu and TiO2 nanoparticles; FAME profiling; MARA test
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: "International Journal of Molecular Science" (2020), iss. 23, art. no. 9089, s. 1-18
Abstract: Due to the systematic increase in the production of nanomaterials (NMs) and their applications in many areas of life, issues associated with their toxicity are inevitable. In particular, the performance of heterogeneous NMs, such as nanocomposites (NCs), is unpredictable as they may inherit the properties of their individual components. Therefore, the purpose of this work was to assess the biological activity of newly synthesized Cu/TiO2-NC and the parent nanoparticle substrates Cu-NPs and TiO2-NPs on the bacterial viability, antioxidant potential and fatty acid composition of the reference Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis strains. Based on the toxicological parameters, it was found that B. subtilis was more sensitive to NMs than E. coli. Furthermore, Cu/TiO2-NC and Cu-NPs had an opposite e ect on both strains, while TiO2-NPs had a comparable mode of action. Simultaneously, the tested strains exhibited varied responses of the antioxidant enzymes after exposure to the NMs, with Cu-NPs having the strongest impact on their activity. The most considerable alternations in the fatty acid profiles were found after the bacteria were exposed to Cu/TiO2-NC and Cu-NPs. Microscopic images indicated distinct interactions of the NMs with the bacterial outer layers, especially in regard to B. subtilis. Cu/TiO2-NC generally proved to have less distinctive antimicrobial properties on B. subtilis than E. coli compared to its parent components. Presumably, the biocidal e ects of the tested NMs can be attributed to the induction of oxidative stress, the release of metal ions and specific electrochemical interactions with the bacterial cells.
DOI: 10.3390/ijms21239089
ISSN: 1422-0067
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