freedom of expression; legal restrictions; restrictive; liberalization; the constitution
Katowice : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
A. Biłgorajski (red.), "Wolność wypowiedzi i jej granice : analiza wybranych zagadnień" (S. 11-35). Katowice : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego.
From methodological perspective, only the boundaries of a phenomenon actually
coming into existence enable the act of demarcation. Defining a boundary means determining
the range of influence of a particular phenomenon. In consequence, definition of threshold conditions
under which the freedom of speech is realized reveals the essence of this liberty and, by
building the image of where the examined freedom reaches its limit, explains at the same time
its substance. Therefore, only outlining the boundaries enables determining the actual scope of
freedom of speech that an individual is entitled to. Thus, establishing the boundaries of freedom of expression by the positive legislator not only does not contradict its implementation (of course
under several conditions guaranteeing the rights of individuals), but on the contrary enables
the existence of freedom of speech as such. Furthermore, it exhibits the substance of freedom
of speech in the sense that it makes theoretically possible to imagine a catalogue of behaviours
(actions and omissions) by which individuals exercise their right to the liberty in question.