methodology of theology; language of theology; theological models; complementarity of the theological models
Studia Bobolanum, Vol. 31, nr 2 (2020) s. 53-68
The article proposes a correction in the recognition of the relationships between soteriological models. Usually, the relation is referred to as complementary. After briefly presenting the state of discussion on the idea of models in theology and the principle of complementarity, attention is drawn to the specificity of soteriological
models: their multiplicity, which eludes the construction of dichotomous systems (typical for the model idea of complementarity and applicable e.g. in trinitology), as well as their heterogeneity resulting from connections with sources of faith. The relationships between the models in soteriology are so complicated that the „standard” principle of complementarity does not always help in their explanation, although the rule of the inexpressibility of the mystery of salvation using only one explanation and therefore the rule of complementing different (correct) approaches always remains in force. The attempts of a synthetic approach to soteriology appearing in theology cannot oppose these rules, but the sole undertaking proves that one can put aside the
thesis that individual models remain in mutual, irremovable tension.