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Title: Kinetic compensation effect of isoconversional methods
Authors: Mianowski, Andrzej
Radko, Tomasz
Siudyga, Tomasz
Keywords: Kinetic compensation effect; Enthalpy-entropy compensation; Isoconversional methods; Calcium carbonate
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: "Reaction Kinetics, Mechanisms and Catalysis" 2020 (online first)
Abstract: For experimental data obtained under different reaction/process conditions over time or temperature, the kinetic compensation effect (KCE) can be expected. Under dynamic (nonisothermal) conditions, at least two analytical pathways forming the KCE were found. Constant heating rate (q = const) and variable conversion degrees (α = var) lead to a vertical source of the KCE, called the isochronal effect. In turn, for a variable heating rate (q = var) and constant conversion degree (α = const), we can obtain an isoconversional compensation effect. In isothermal conditions (analyzed as polyisothermal), the KCE appears only as an isoconversional source of the compensating effect. The scattering of values for the determined isokinetic temperatures is evidence of a strong influence of the experimental conditions and the calculation methodology. The parameters of the Arrhenius law have been shown to allow the determination of the KCE and further the isokinetic temperature. In turn, using the Eyring equations for the same parameters, we can determine the enthalpy– entropy compensation (EEC) for the activation process and the compensation temperature, which is often treated as an isokinetic temperature. KCE effects have also been shown to be able to be amplified or dissipated, but isokinetic temperature is not a compensating quantity in the literal sense in isoconversional methods because T iso → ∞. Thus, in isoconversional methods, isoconversional KCE values are characterized by strong variability of activation energy corresponding to the weak variation of the pre-exponential factor, which in practice means that lnA → const. This is completely in line with the classical Arrhenius law.
DOI: 10.1007/s11144-020-01898-2
ISSN: 1878-5204
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