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Title: The effect of medium-term sauna-based heat acclimation (MPHA) on thermophysiological and plasma volume responses to exercise performed under temperate conditionsin elite cross-country skiers
Authors: Pokora, Ilona
Sadowska-Krępa, Ewa
Wolowski, Łukasz
Wyderka, Piotr
Michnik, Anna
Drzazga, Zofia
Keywords: sauna baths; exercise; physiological strain; body temperature; plasma volume; athletes
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health" (2021), iss. 13, art. no. 6906, s. 1-21
Abstract: The influence of a series of ten sauna baths (MPHA) on thermophysiological and selected hematological responses in 14 elite cross-country skiers to a submaximal endurance exercise test performed under thermoneutral environmental conditions was studied. Thermal and physiological variables were measured before and after the exercise test, whereas selected hematological indices were studied before, immediately after, and during recovery after a run, before (T1) and after sauna baths (T2). MPHA did not influence the baseline internal, body, and skin temperatures. There was a decrease in the resting heart rate (HR: p = 0.001) and physiological strain (PSI: p = 0.052) after MPHA and a significant effect of MPHA on systolic blood pressure (p = 0.03), hematological indices, and an exercise effect but no combined effect of treatments and exercise on the tested variables. A positive correlation was reported between PSI and total protein (%DTP) in T2 and a negative between plasma volume (%DPV) and mean red cellular volume (%DMCV) in T1 and T2 in response to exercise and a positive one during recovery. This may suggest that MPHA has a weak influence on body temperatures but causes a moderate decrease in PSI and modifications of plasma volume restoration in response to exercise under temperate conditions in elite athletes.
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18136906
ISSN: 1660-4601
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