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Title: Non-monotonic temperature dependence of chaos-assisted diffusion in driven periodic systems
Authors: Spiechowicz, Jakub
Talkner, P.
Hanggi, P.
Łuczka, Jerzy
Keywords: chaotic systems; diffusion; nonequilibrium
Issue Date: 2016
Citation: New Journal of Physics, Vol. 18, iss. 12 (2016), art. no 123029
Abstract: The spreading of a cloud of independent Brownian particles typically proceeds more effectively at higher temperatures, as it derives from the commonly known Sutherland-Einstein relation for systems in thermal equilibrium. Here, we report on a non-equilibrium situation in which the diffusion of a periodically driven Brownian particle moving in a periodic potential decreases with increasing temperature within a finite temperature window. We identify as the cause for this non-intuitive behaviour a dominant deterministic mechanism consisting of a few unstable periodic orbits embedded into a chaotic attractor together with thermal noise-induced dynamical changes upon varying temperature. The presented analysis is based on extensive numerical simulations of the corresponding Langevin equation describing the studied setup as well as on a simplified stochastic model formulated in terms of a three-state Markovian process. Because chaos exists in many natural as well as in artificial systems representing abundant areas of contemporary knowledge, the described mechanism may potentially be discovered in plentiful different contexts.
DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/aa529f
ISSN: 1367-2630
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