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Title: Insight into the antibacterial activity of selected metal nanoparticles and alterations within the antioxidant defence system in Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus epidermidis
Authors: Metryka, Oliwia
Wasilkowski, Daniel
Mrozik, Agnieszka
Keywords: bacteria; nanoparticles; toxicological parameters; reactive oxygen species; antioxidant enzymes; protein and lipid oxidation
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: "International Journal of the Molecular Sciences" (2021), iss. 21, art. no. 11811, s. 1-22
Abstract: The antimicrobial activity of nanoparticles (NPs) is a desirable feature of various products but can become problematic when NPs are released into different ecosystems, potentially endangering living microorganisms. Although there is an abundance of advanced studies on the toxicity and biological activity of NPs on microorganisms, the information regarding their detailed interactions with microbial cells and the induction of oxidative stress remains incomplete. Therefore, this work aimed to develop accurate oxidation stress profiles of Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus epidermidis strains treated with commercial Ag-NPs, Cu-NPs, ZnO-NPs and TiO2-NPs. The methodology used included the following determinations: toxicological parameters, reactive oxygen species (ROS), antioxidant enzymes and dehydrogenases, reduced glutathione, oxidatively modified proteins and lipid peroxidation. The toxicological studies revealed that E. coli was most sensitive to NPs than B. cereus and S. epidermidis. Moreover, NPs induced the generation of specific ROS in bacterial cells, causing an increase in their concentration, which further resulted in alterations in the activity of the antioxidant defence system and protein oxidation. Significant changes in dehydrogenases activity and elevated lipid peroxidation indicated a negative effect of NPs on bacterial outer layers and respiratory activity. In general, NPs were characterised by very specific nano-bio effects, depending on their physicochemical properties and the species of microorganism.
DOI: 10.3390/ijms222111811
ISSN: 1422-0067
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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