spontaneous pupil questions and statements; subject’s confidence in the information
Chowanna, 2009, t. jubileuszowy, s. 221-238
In this article the author points to spontaneous pupil questions and statements in early
primary education as a kind of reflection of objectives and contents of instruction. Both these types
of utterance are described with reference to the presence of modality in the degree of subject’s confidence
in the previously possessed information and the information acquired in the course of classes.
Methods of data analysis are presented through the prism of elements of educational actions – objects
which the pupils refer to in their questions or statements. The data for analysis was acquired by means
of in-class observation carried out in the first and third grades of primary school.