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Title: Application and Multi-Stage Optimization of Daylight Polymer 3D Printing of Personalized Medicine Products
Authors: Pyteraf, Jolanta
Pacławski, Adam
Jamróz, Witold
Mendyk, Aleksander
Paluch, Marian
Jachowicz, Renata
Keywords: additive manufacturing; solid dosage forms; mebeverine hydrochloride; DoE; photopolymerization; personalized drugs
Issue Date: 2022
Citation: "Pharmaceutics" (2022), Vol. 14, art. nr 843
Abstract: Additive technologies have undoubtedly become one of the most intensively developing manufacturing methods in recent years. Among the numerous applications, the interest in 3D printing also includes its application in pharmacy for production of small batches of personalized drugs. For this reason, we conducted multi-stage pre-formulation studies to optimize the process of manufacturing solid dosage forms by photopolymerization with visible light. Based on tests planned and executed according to the design of the experiment (DoE), we selected the optimal quantitative composition of photocurable resin made of PEG 400, PEGDA MW 575, water, and riboflavin, a non-toxic photoinitiator. In subsequent stages, we adjusted the printer set-up and process parameters. Moreover, we assessed the influence of the co-initiators ascorbic acid or triethanolamine on the resin’s polymerization process. Next, based on an optimized formulation, we printed and analyzed drug-loaded tablets containing mebeverine hydrochloride, characterized by a gradual release of active pharmaceutical ingredient (API), reaching 80% after 6 h. We proved the possibility of reusing the drug-loaded resin that was not hardened during printing and determined the linear correlation between the volume of the designed tablets and the amount of API, confirming the possibility of printing personalized modified-release tablets.
DOI: 10.3390/pharmaceutics14040843
ISSN: 1999-4923
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