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Title: Polymers in High-Efficiency Solar Cells: The Latest Reports
Authors: Gnida, Paweł
Amin, Muhammad Faisal
Pająk, Agnieszka Katarzyna
Jarząbek, Bożena
Keywords: photovoltaics; dye-sensitized solar cells; bulk-heterojunction solar cells; perovskite solar cells; polymers; thin layers; Additives; Chemical modification; Dye-sensitized solar cells; Electron transport properties; Heterojunctions; Perovskite solar cells; Polymer solar cells; Solar energy
Issue Date: 2022
Citation: "Polymers", T. 14, 2022, nr 10, art. nr 1946, s. 1-39
Abstract: Third-generation solar cells, including dye-sensitized solar cells, bulk-heterojunction solar cells, and perovskite solar cells, are being intensively researched to obtain high efficiencies in converting solar energy into electricity. However, it is also important to note their stability over time and the devices’ thermal or operating temperature range. Today’s widely used polymeric materials are also used at various stages of the preparation of the complete device—it is worth mentioning that in dye-sensitized solar cells, suitable polymers can be used as flexible substrates counter-electrodes, gel electrolytes, and even dyes. In the case of bulk-heterojunction solar cells, they are used primarily as donor materials; however, there are reports in the literature of their use as acceptors. In perovskite devices, they are used as additives to improve the morphology of the perovskite, mainly as hole transport materials and also as additives to electron transport layers. Polymers, thanks to their numerous advantages, such as the possibility of practically any modification of their chemical structure and thus their physical and chemical properties, are increasingly used in devices that convert solar radiation into electrical energy, which is presented in this paper.
DOI: 10.3390/polym14101946
ISSN: 2073-4360
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