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Title: Crystallization Mechanism and Optical Properties of Antimony-Germanate-Silicate Glass-Ceramic Doped with Europium Ions
Authors: Golonko, Piotr
Sadowska, Karolina
Ragiń, Tomasz
Kochanowicz, Marcin
Miluski, Piotr
Dorosz, Jan
Kuwik, Marta
Pisarski, Wojciech
Pisarska, Joanna
Leśniak, Magdalena
Dorosz, Dominik
Żmojda, Jacek
Keywords: active glass-ceramic; luminescent properties; nucleation; precursor of crystallization; antimony-germanate glass; Eu3+ ions; asymmetry ratio
Issue Date: 2022
Citation: Materials, Vol. 15, iss. 11 (2022), art. no. 3797
Abstract: Glass-ceramic is semi-novel material with many applications, but it is still problematic in obtaining fibers. This paper aims to develop a new glass-ceramic material that is a compromise between crystallization, thermal stability, and optical properties required for optical fiber technology. This compromise is made possible by an alternative method with a controlled crystallization process and a suitable choice of the chemical composition of the core material. In this way, the annealing process is eliminated, and the core material adopts a glass-ceramic character with high transparency directly in the drawing process. In the experiment, low phonon antimony-germanate-silicate glass (SGS) doped with Eu3+ ions and different concentrations of P2O5 were fabricated. The glass material crystallized during the cooling process under conditions similar to the drawing processes'. Thermal stability (DSC), X-ray photo analysis (XRD), and spectroscopic were measured. Eu3+ ions were used as spectral probes to determine the effect of P2O5 on the asymmetry ratio for the selected transitions (5D0 7F1 and 5D0 7F2). From the measurements, it was observed that the material produced exhibited amorphous or glass-ceramic properties, strongly dependent on the nucleator concentration. In addition, the conducted study confirmed that europium ions co-form the EuPO4 structure during the cooling process from 730 ◦ C to room temperature. Moreover, the asymmetry ratio was changed from over 4 to under 1. The result obtained confirms that the developed material has properties typical of transparent glass-ceramic while maintaining high thermal stability, which will enable the fabrication of fibers with the glass-ceramic core.
DOI: 10.3390/ma15113797
ISSN: 1996-1944
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