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Title: Activation volume of selected liquid crystals in the density scaling regime
Authors: Grzybowski, Andrzej
Urban, Stanisław
Mroz, S.
Paluch, Marian
Keywords: Liquid Crystals; Glass-Forming Liquids; Density Scaling Regime
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Scientific Reports, Vol. 7 (2017), art. no. 42174, s. 1-13
Abstract: In this paper, we demonstrate and thoroughly analyze the activation volumetric properties of selected liquid crystals in the nematic and crystalline E phases in comparison with those reported for glass-forming liquids. In the analysis, we have employed and evaluated two entropic models (based on either total or configurational entropies) to describe the longitudinal relaxation times of the liquid crystals in the density scaling regime. In this study, we have also exploited two equations of state: volumetric and activation volumetric ones. As a result, we have established that the activation volumetric properties of the selected liquid crystals are quite opposite to such typical properties of glass-forming materials, i.e., the activation volume decreases and the isothermal bulk modulus increases when a liquid crystal is isothermally compressed. Using the model based on the configurational entropy, we suggest that the increasing pressure dependences of the activation volume in isothermal conditions and the negative curvature of the pressure dependences of isothermal longitudinal relaxation times can be related to the formation of antiparallel doublets in the examined liquid crystals. A similar pressure effect on relaxation dynamics may be also observed for other material groups in case of systems, the molecules of which form some supramolecular structures.
DOI: 10.1038/srep42174
ISSN: 2045-2322
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