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Title: Stereotyp czarownicy i jego modyfikowanie : na przykładzie tekstów dla dzieci i wypowiedzi dziecięcych
Authors: Niesporek-Szamburska, Bernadeta
Keywords: czarownice; literatura dla młodzieży; motywy literackie
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
Abstract: The research interest of this monograph focuses on demonstrating, on the example of a mythological representation — a witch, what contents of a stereotype do the children starting cultural and social education encounter and how they deal with its complex contents in a cognitive and linguistic aspect. Therefore, an important part of the monograph is the presentation of the cultural context (beliefs and the language) which may influence the conceptualization of an image by children. The stereotype of a witch emerging from the tradition was shown as drawing from a few prototype patterns (a witch, a harridan, a hag), a conglomerate, unusually rich in contents, consisting of numerous sub-schemes and a script of features, “nested” and “integrated” into a whole. Strong, criterial features confirmed by system data (such as being a woman and sorcery, ugliness, bad temper) and numerous connotative, text features, which confirm certain beliefs (evaluation, specific behaviours and places, dissimilarity, loneliness, attributes, means of transport), have been separated in it. Against the above background, the diversified profiles of an image of a witch were presented — the traditional ones from folk and literary tales and the modified ones — from modern tales and fantasy works. Such stereotype images — cultural and literary, were compared with the image from children’s utterances formulated in accordance with the cognitive definition in a facet system. The results of analysis of the shape of the mythological image, conducted on the basis of younger and older school children’s utterances, indicate that the stereotype of a witch in their imaging remained almost unchanged, regardless of small — deliberate attempt to modify it. The research also confirm that very early, at 7-year-old children, the stereotype of a witch is well crystallized, although it is more strongly rooted at 9-10-year-olds than the children aged 7, particularly boys. With older school children the mythological image slightly fades — the oldest pupils (particularly girls) tended to evaluate witches positively. The children’s image of a witch shows the durability of the cultural stereotype. It is not significantly different from the one that is fixed in the language and culture. The only differences are: a more sensual manner of conceptualization, specific (children’s) point of view in evaluating the witch’s bad deeds and particular drawing on the components of the fixed in literature prototype of a hag when children create a profile of “a genuine witch”.
ISBN: 9788322622315
Appears in Collections:Książki/rozdziały (W.Fil.)

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