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Title: Z zagadnień biografii i twórczości Kazimiery Alberti
Authors: Magiera, Halina
Advisor: Opacka-Walasek, Danuta
Keywords: Kazimiera Alberti; poezja polska
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Katowice: Uniwersytet Śląski
Abstract: The aim of the thesis is recalling the name of Kazimiera Alberti (1898-1962), a well-known poet, novelist, playwright as well as a unique institution of both social and cultural life of the interwar 1920s period. Not only was she excluded from the afterwar literary circulation, but hardly remembered later on as well. The following study, even though with a far-fetched assumption that it is only an attempt of a presentation or a sort of reconnaissance, requiring configuration of the following terms: a biography and literary production. Moreover, it also required a certain methodological rules concerning the presenting countable experiences of the woman and the writer as one, whose life, divided by World War II, has been portrayed as two main stages: the span in Poland and the emigration (1945-1962). Presently, easily accessible literary production including sparse biographical data is revolving around the former. As for the latter one the contrary - The correspondence, lengthy to some extent, and a series of documentaries, quite sophisticated as far is reception is concerned, aiming rather at an Italian reader. Therefore, in the preface, there has also been a certain attempt at reconciling with different attitudes presenting the dynamics of the views aiming in turn at the biographer’s position in the literary studies, in the context of the last decade and such theorists as Janusz Sławiński, Edward Balcerzan, Leslie A. Fiedler, James C. Clifford, Ryszard Nycz. Needless to say that all the questions have been settled and firmly binded by the feminist criticism. The innovative biographical formula whose reading in correlation with experience displacing pure theory, as well as the candour for interdisciplinary approach, is fundamental in this view. By the will of Maria Grabowiecka (Alberti’s friend) and afterwards her daughter Elżbieta Szańkowska, two volumes of Alberti’s personal documents went public. Volume 1, having been a property of IBL PAN Library, Warsaw since 1977 consists of simple draft notebooks with systematically and chronologically collected press-clippings. The first part of the dissertation entitled Reception of Kazimiera Alberti’s Literary Creation in the 1920s Interwar Period’s Literary Criticism Press is based on those very clippings. This Cronicle of Alberti’s works as such has enabled grouping them according to popularity ratings, artism, literary competence, creation and influences as well as conventionality, ingenuity, linguistic review structure, reflecting the social order beyond the text. Volume 2, donated in 2006 to the Adam Mickiewicz’s Literature Museum, Warsaw, consists of Alberti’s personal correspondence and photographs. Barely readable, covered with time patina records of the author are a crucial reference of the second part of the thesis: From Kazimiera Alberti’s Biographical Issues.It is not a reconstruct following strictly the chronology events. It tends to have been organized by a problematic approach and the focus revolving around the notions of: the Gift, the Motion, the Loss. Moreover, according to the “innovative biographic formula” established rules and “the poet of experience” those ones are thoroughly compiled in the third, interpretational part of the thesis: From Kazimiera Alberti’s Literary Creation Seven poetry volumes constitute Alberti’s the pre-war literary work (Bunt lawin – The Avalanches’ Mutiny, 1927; Mój film – My Movie, 1927; Pochwała życia i śmierci – The Praise of Life and Death, 1930; Godzina kalinowa – The Viburnum Hour,1935; Usta Italii – The Mouth of Italy, 1936; Więcierz w głębinie – The Kiddle in the Depth, 1937; Serce zwierzęce – The Animal Heart, 1939), three novels (Tatry, narty, miłość – The Tatra Mountains, Skis, Love, 1928; Ghetto potępione. Powieść o duszy żydowskiej – Ghetto the Condamned. A Tale of Jewish Soul, 1931; Ci, którzy przyjdą. Powieść mieszczańska – Those Who Shall Come. Bourgeois Novel, 1934) as well as a typewriter’s script for a theatre play Wiosna w domu (Spring at Home) whose opening night took place in 1937 in Poznań. Being so diversified in terms of themethat oeuvre creates obviously a number of rendering possibilities. Though, the invitation to a dialogue in the context of the feminist theories are beamed by all the works in order to be able to deal with such an abundant literary composition and find a compromise between the subject domain as such and the critical domain in monographic works, I have ventured an interpretation of the volume of Mój film andthe novel Ghetto potępione. Focusing on the notion of the Gift I tend to be referring to the Ci, którzyprzyjdą and chosen literary extracts deriving from various works. The reference list in terms of contexts marking this part of the thesis is quite noticeable. As for the feminist criticism and the biological woman cult, the name of Mary Daly occurs in the context, as well as of the author of the Sensual Philosophy – Jolanta Brach-Czaina. Due to the more complex, psychoanalytical aspects and numerous translations Krystyna Kłosińska is also widely quoted in that matter. Invoking an avant-garde, Hélène Cixous’s language and Elizabeth Grosz’s corporal feminism are also widely justified. Interdisciplinary approach is in turn conducted with Julia Kristeva focusing on "abject" domain and "a subject-in-progress", with Michel Foucault and Marc Augé roaming around no-man's-lands and other nomadic areas or with not tagged as a popular name though classic Carl Gustav Jung. The author of the dissertation is far from an assumption that the thesis should be considered as complementary and closed in form, therefore, with the form called Instead of the conclusion, by means of references to the concepts of nomadic subjects by Rosi Braidotti, she points out the fields which require additional research, both in reference to Alberti's life, as well as to her literary creation, regardless of the relations between these two notions.
Appears in Collections:Rozprawy doktorskie (W.Hum.)

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