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Title: The Effects of Duodenojejunal Omega Switch in Combination with High-Fat Diet and Control Diet on Incretins, Body Weight, and Glucose Tolerance in Sprague-Dawley Rats
Authors: Stygar, Dominika
Sawczyn, Tomasz
Skrzep-Poloczek, Bronisława
Owczarek, Aleksander J.
Michalski, Marek
Doleżych, Bogdan
Mielańczyk, Łukasz
Bażanów, Barbara
Ziora, Paweł
Choręza, Piotr
Karcz, Konrad Wojciech
Keywords: Bariatric surgery; DJOS surgery; obesity; Experimental rat model; Incretins; OGTT; glucose tolerance; Insulin intolerance; GIP; GLP-1
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: Obesity Surgery, Vol. 28, iss. 3 (2018), s. 748-759
Abstract: Background: Despite excellent results of bariatric surgery in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and weight loss in human subjects, some patients do not obtain desired results. One of the reasons for this is that not all patients follow caloric intake recommendations. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of duodenojejunal omega switch (DJOS) surgery on body weight, glucose tolerance, and incretins in rats. Methods: DJOS and SHAM surgery were performed on rats maintained for 8 weeks on high-fat diet (HF) and control diet (CD), respectively. After surgery, four groups were kept on the same diet as before the surgery, and four groups had a changed diet (CD vs. HF and HF vs. CD) for the next 8 weeks. Glucose tolerance, insulin tolerance, glucose-stimulated insulin, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and gastric inhibitory polypeptide/glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) secretion, food intake, and body weight were measured. Results: A change of diet after surgery resulted in reduced glucose tolerance. Plasma insulin levels were lowered between DJOS and SHAM surgeries for the HF/HF and CD/HF groups. DJOS surgery did not reduce body weight in the studied groups, irrespective of diet. In the HF/HF group, ΔGLP-1 was lower for DJOS surgery in comparison with other groups. Differences of weight changes were observed for groups HF/HF and HF/CD. After DJOS surgery, ΔGIP was lower in the CD/HF group compared with HF/HF. Conclusions: Our results show that applications of different types of diets, before and after surgery, is a sensitive method for studies of mechanism of glucose intolerance after DJOS surgery.
DOI: 10.1007/s11695-017-2883-3
ISSN: 0960-8923
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