imparfait past tense; subjunctive mood; French
Neophilologica, T. 15 (2002), s. 250-265
An important issue in teaching foreign languages, especially grammar, is the choice of an
adequate method. Teachers often come across numerous problems connected with introducing
and explaining to their students the grammatical phenomena that do not occur in their native
languages. The author presents the cognitive description of the imparfait past tense and the
subjunctive mood in French and shows the advantages of this method. The holistic approach
toward a grammatical phenomenon and introducing the notion of the prototype and the semantic
invariant can make it easier for students to grasp the nature and functioning o f the phenomenon.
Thanks to it they can better use the language and at the same time see the differences
in the ways different languages conceptualize the world.