E. Kosowska, G. Kurylenka, A. Gomóła, "Wstyd w kulturze : kolokwia polsko-białoruskie. [T.] 2 (s. 147-160). Katowice : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego.
Tove Jansson, in a story entitled Opowiadanie o niewidzialnym dziecku, easily and
cunningly presents, among other things, the research on shame — the reason, result and
preventive measures against sad (or even tragic) consequences of embarrassing a small
girl. In this story, as in other texts in the series of Moomins, human things are hidden
behind fantasy (creatures and the world presented) and the symbol (disappearance),
paradoxically, though, thanks to it, they acquire the status of a model existing over
particular realizations in the real human world. The story of the Finnish author metaphorically
shows the effects of an insistent experience of shame, that is, civil death,
understood as the loss of identity or elimination via total disregard. The author’s intuition
is proved by James Gilligan’s, Helen Merrell Lynd’s and Bruno Bettelheim’s works,
as well as by many other researchers.