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Title: Cometabolic degradation of naproxen by Planococcus sp. strain S5
Authors: Domaradzka, Dorota
Guzik, Urszula
Hupert-Kocurek, Katarzyna
Wojcieszyńska, Danuta
Keywords: Planococcus; cometabolism; biodegradation; Naproxen; dioxygenase; monooxygenase
Issue Date: 2015
Citation: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, Vol. 226, iss. 9 (2015), art. no. 297
Abstract: Naproxen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug frequently detected in the influent and effluent of sewage treatment plants. The Gram-positive strain Planococcus sp. S5 was able to remove approximately 30 % of naproxen after 35 days of incubation in monosubstrate culture. Under cometabolic conditions, with glucose or phenol as a growth substrate, the degradation efficiency of S5 increased. During 35 days of incubation, 75.14∈±∈1.71 % and 86.27∈±∈2.09 % of naproxen was degraded in the presence of glucose and phenol, respectively. The highest rate of naproxen degradation observed in the presence of phenol may be connected with the fact that phenol is known to induce enzymes responsible for aromatic ring cleavage. The activity of phenol monooxygenase, naphthalene monooxygenase, and hydroxyquinol 1,2-dioxygenase was indicated in Planococcus sp. S5 culture with glucose or phenol as a growth substrate. It is suggested that these enzymes may be engaged in naproxen degradation.
DOI: 10.1007/s11270-015-2564-6
ISSN: 0049-6979
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