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Title: FISH in analysis of gamma ray-induced micronuclei formation in barley
Authors: Juchimiuk-Kwaśniewska, Jolanta
Brodziak, L.
Małuszyńska, Jolanta
Keywords: Barley; FISH; Gamma ray; Micronuclei
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Journal of Applied Genetics, Vol. 52 (2011), s. 23-29
Abstract: A micronucleus test in combination with fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) using telomere-, centromere-specific probes and 5S and 25S rDNA was used for a detailed analysis of the effects of gamma ray irradiation on the root tip meristem cells of barley, Hordeum vulgare (2n=14). FISH with four DNA probes was used to examine the involvement of specific chromosomes or chromosome fragments in gamma ray-induced micronuclei formation and then to explain their origin. Additionally, a comparison of the possible origin of the micronuclei induced by physical and chemical treatment: maleic hydrazide (MH) and N-nitroso-N-methylurea (MNU) was done. The micronuclei induced by gamma ray could originate from acentric fragments after chromosome breakage or from whole lagging chromosomes as a result of a dysfunction of the mitotic apparatus. No micronuclei containing only centromeric signals were found. An application of rDNA as probes allowed it to be stated that 5S rDNA–bearing chromosomes are involved in micronuclei formation more often than NOR chromosomes. This work allowed the origin of physically- and chemicallyinduced micronuclei in barley cells to be compared: the origin of micronuclei was most often from terminal fragments. FISH confirmed its usefulness in the characterization of micronuclei content, as well as in understanding and comparing the mechanisms of the actions of mutagens applied in plant genotoxicity.
DOI: 10.1007/s13353-010-0017-x
ISSN: 1234-1983
Appears in Collections:Artykuły (WNP)

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