język i kultura; rysunki dziecięce; język dzięcięcy; percepcja mowy u dzieci
Katowice : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
The composition presents linguistic images of children aged from 7 to 12 about
chosen pieces of the surrounding world. The research has been carried out by means
of the cognitive analysis, in which "semantic definitions of the word, which
are to show [... ] the way in which the world is perceived by the language, must
take into account a wide range of semantic ingredients" (Tokarski 1996: 99). The
description of methodology and the material has been included in chapters first and
Linguistic and cultural image of the world which has been reconstructed on the
basis of authentic, creative texts of children relates to the four seasons of the year
and cultural traditions (Santa Claus and Christmas). It shows how the children
mould the observed phenomena (from their perspective) which is typical of them.
The range of concepts chosen for the analysis is not random. It relates to those pieces
of the imagined reality which are most willingly conceptualised by little creators.
They have been selected by means of the statistic method and the theory of
semantic (topical) fields (chapter third).
The analysis of features in faset arrangement and collections related to different
seasons shows that the young observer perceives the world in a different way
(chapter fourth). The seasons receive active role in the scenes, which is reflected
by applying for their names adequate positions in semantic-syntactic structures. Textual
scenes are optimistic - the children observe changing seasons with joy. The
texts also show strong position of means of illustration - the most characteristic of
them are personification and anthropomorphisation.
The image of cultural traditions mouldered by the children shows dissimilarity
to their fixed equivalents (chapter fifth). The children reach for different stereotypes
(from different cultures), which makes the images created by them internally
incoherent - visions from different epochs and different cultures are neighbours in
them. Considerable differences have been realised in the image of Santa Claus based
on his stereotype, and only little differences in the image of Christmas.
The analysis proves that children creating in the language images of the reality,
shape them in their own way and show from their own perspective.