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Title: Synthesis, spectroscopy, single-crystal structure analysis and antibacterial activity of two novel complexes of silver(I) with miconazole drug
Authors: Stryjska, Karolina
Korona-Glowniak, Izabela
Chęcińska, Lilianna
Kusz, Joachim
Ochocki, Justyn
Keywords: synthesis; silver(I) complexes; NMR spectroscopy; IR spectroscopy; X-ray crystallography; antimicrobial activity
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: "International Journal of Molecular Science" (2021), iss. 4, art. no. 1510, s. 1-18
Abstract: In a previous article, we reported on the higher toxicity of silver(I) complexes of miconazole [Ag(MCZ)2NO3 (1)] and [Ag(MCZ)2ClO4 (2)] in HepG2 tumor cells compared to the corresponding salts of silver, miconazole and cisplatin. Here, we present the synthesis of two silver(I) complexes of miconazole containing two new counter ions in the form of Ag(MCZ)2X (MCZ = 1-[2-(2,4-dichlorobenzyloxy)-2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)ethyl]-1H-imidazole]; X = BF4− (3), SbF6− (4)). The novel silver(I) complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and infrared (IR) spectroscopy, electrospray ionization (ESI)-MS spectrometry and X-ray-crystallography. In the present study, the antimicrobial activity of all obtained silver(I) complexes of miconazole against six strains of Gram-positive bacteria, five strains of Gram-negative bacteria and yeasts was evaluated. The results were compared with those of a silver sulfadiazine drug, the corresponding silver salts and the free ligand. Silver(I) complexes exhibited significant activity against Gram-positive bacteria, which was much better than that of silver sulfadiazine and silver salts. The highest antimicrobial activity was observed for the complex containing the nitrate counter ion. All Ag(I) complexes of miconazole resulted in much better inhibition of yeast growth than silver sulfadiazine, silver salts and miconazole. Moreover, the synthesized silver(I) complexes showed good or moderate activity against Gram-negative bacteria compared to the free ligand.
DOI: 10.3390/ijms22041510
ISSN: 1422-0067
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