K. Węsierska, N. Moćko (red.), "Profilaktyka logopedyczna w praktyce edukacyjnej. T. 2" (S. 23-42). Katowice : Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
The following paper considers how a child acquires language. It begins by defining
the exterior environments (family, school, friendship groups) where the processes of native
language acquisition and learning take place. The theories of language acquisition that
present the shift from a universal language model to a specific language model in the process
of speech perception are described. Presenting the communicative approach (interaction
perspective), the author identifies the complexity of social relationships encountered
by a child in his/her family, friendship groups or at school. These social relationships,
along with memory and cognitive skills, influence the speed of native language development.
Three spheres of influence on a child language development, and four areas of
language activity: reading, speaking, writing and listening, have been discussed, taking
the educational context into consideration.