case study; disability; educational dimension of case study; individuality
Interdyscyplinarne Konteksty Pedagogiki Specjalnej, 2016, nr 13, s. 49-66
The starting point for this study is the thesis that disability multidimensionally determines human functioning, enhances human uniqueness and is favourable for emphasizing a person’s individuality. This inspires to use a study of an individual case as a method not only of its cognition and description but also its understanding.
The method also makes it easier to construct individual concepts of functioning of a person with disability in the jungle of many biological, psychological and social determinants. Moreover, for the researcher – the method may become a valuable source of experience and an inspiration for his/her own (not only scientific) development.
To provide justification for this thesis, a survey of case studies is made, with special focus on the authorial typology of didactic (educational) goals – the aims which are usually underrated in scientific works. What follows are the possible typologies of the discussed method and the author’s suggestions concerning the
construction of a case study of a disabled person. The text is completed with final conclusions.