C. S. Peirce; semiotyka; analiza tekstu literackiego; teoria literatury
Katowice: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
W. Kalaga, T. Sławek (red.), "Znak - tekst - fikcja : z zagadnień semiotyki tekstu literackiego" (S. 9-44). Katowice : Uniwersytet Śląski
The present paper contains six parts. In part I an outline is presented
of Peirce’s triadic sign theory in which the sign is defined as an irreducible
relation of a representamen, an object, and an interprétant. Part I I reports
the views of D. Greenlee, A. Ayer, and U. Eco which are critical of Peirce’s
sign theory, particularly of the dual nature of the object of the sign, that
is the distinction into the dynamical and the immediate object, which distinction
derives from a fundamental distinction between to be and to be represented.
In part I I I the immediate object is presented as a precondition for
the continuity of the process of semiosis and for the interpretability of
signs. In part IV the usefulness of the concept for fictive semiosis is discussed.
In part V the degeneration of linguistic signs, exemplified by the cliché,
linguistic taboo, and authoritarian distortion of discourse, is presented. Similarties
and differences between fictive and degenerate semiosis are discussed.
In part V I it is pointed out that the source of controversies around
Peirce’s triadic sign theory is an oversight of Peirce’s principle that all the
mind can know has the nature of signs. Hence Peirce begins his inquiry
not by investigating the entities to which signs refer but by investigating
the structure of the sign and the laws which govern processes of semiosis.